Sunday, 28 April 2013

Hunting for Restharrow

As much as I adore illustrating the natural world indoors, every now and again you need to get out there in the field and see what's going on.  Lately, I have been working on several commissions and teaching preparation, so have been quite confined to the studio.

I bet you are all a bit bemused by the title of this blog post ?  Well, I was on the hunt for Restharrow, a plant that can be found growing on chalk grasslands and also near the coast.  I am involved with a project with the Irish Society of Botanical Artists , and this is the plant that I am illustrating.

© Sarah Morrish
This is Restharrow growing on the South Devon coast.
The only problem was that at this time of year the plant is not in flower and it is low-growing, so it is a bit like looking for a needle in a haystack !  Nevertheless, we started off very eager and determined when we got to Old Winchester Hill to start exploring for it.

Old Winchester Hill is a favourite site of mine, which is a National Nature Reserve (NNR) and a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).  Botanically, it is a great place for seeing a wide range of classic chalk grassland plant species and also those that are less common.  In 2006, I spent several days here helping a friend with survey work to look for Round-headed Rampion, which is one of the rarer species.

For more information on Old Winchester Hill go to:

© Sarah Morrish
Looking over towards the ramparts of the Iron Age Hill Fort and Bronze Age burial mounds.

We had no luck finding Restharrow, but there were signs of other chalk grassland species starting to show.

© Sarah Morrish
Leaves of Orchids starting to show.

© Sarah Morrish
The bowing flowers of an emerging cowslip.
© Sarah Morrish
A Violet species found on the banks of the hillfort.
As well as chalk grassland there are also areas of woodland, one area containing some ancient Yew trees. 

© Sarah Morrish
 There were many signs of Spring finally getting here.  The Blackthorn flowers becoming evident.  These come before the leaves and they must not be confused with Hawthorn, which blooms a bit later.  With Hawthorn, the leaves come before the flowers. 

© Sarah Morrish
The beautiful and delicate Blackthorn flower.
 One thing that I thought was stunning, was the buds of the Ash tree bursting open.  The black buds always look so tightly closed and it is amazing what comes out of them when they start to open.

© Sarah Morrish

Well, the hunt for Restharrow continues and I will resume the challenge as we hopefully move closer to the summer months.  Perhaps I will explore some coastal sites in my quest ?

Wednesday, 10 April 2013

Fabulous Feathers !

This is a busy time of year with exhibition preparations and teaching commitments, but I must admit I am very excited about visiting the Society of Botanical Artists Exhibition in London tomorrow.  Several of my friends are exhibiting and I have also got a picture on display this year.

Then on Friday more botanical delights, with a trip to the RHS Orchid Show and to see the botanical art on display there too.  It's going to be botanical art overload - but I love it !

On to feathers.  This is a subject I really enjoy illustrating and I have several commissions on the go involving feathers.  Also, this coming Saturday I am teaching a workshop for the Hants & IOW Wildlife Trust on 'Fabulous Feathers'.  The workshop is full and there will be a wonderful array of feathers for everyone to illustrate.

I thought that you may enjoy seeing about the process I take in illustrating the majority of feathers.

Firstly a brief guide to the different parts of a feather.

1. Decide on a suitable composition. Feathers are very easy to position and can be laid flat on your working surface.
2. Use a 2H pencil and draw the central shaft. Pay attention to the length and thickness of the shaft from top to bottom.
3. Draw a feint outline of the vanes and draw the sections where any barbs have separated.
4. Draw any patterns that occur on the vanes of the feather.
5. Be aware that the pattern may be symmetrical, such as in the Jay’s feathers (right).

6. It is always good practice to experiment with mixing the correct colours to represent the colours found in the feather.
When mixing washes try not to use more than 3 colours of paint. Remember if you need a lighter shade of the mixed wash just add water.
It is very useful when painting a variety of natural objects, to become familiar with creating a range of ‘neutral’ colour mixes. When we say ‘neutral’ we are referring to a range of greys that have different hues.

7. The first wash that you will apply is likely to be quite pale and a neutral mix. With this you will start to define the shape of the vanes, particularly the side where the barbs may be separated and lighter in colour.
Remember to use the white of the paper to your advantage.
The size of the brush you use can vary dependant on the size of the feather. The advantage of using a good quality brush (even a size 7) is that it should retain a good point and enable fine lines to be painted.
Alternatively, I like to use ‘spotter’ brushes. These have shorter hairs but hold a good amount of paint.
8. Once the initial wash is painted the areas of colour can be defined more, gradually adding deeper washes of colour. The marks that you are aiming to create with the brush should be fine, hair-like lines.

9. Dependant on the feather that you are depicting, there may be a final stage where different painting techniques are required.
With the Jay’s feathers, white gouache was applied to give an impression of the individual barbs.

Other feathers that I have illustrated:

Barn Owl feather
Peacock feather - slightly stylised